Interesting facts about the 13 American colonies 1. They moved back to England when they determined they needed to start a new colony. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 8, 2020 5:47:31 AM ET Though the most important goal of early New England colonists was to provide food and necessities for themselves and their families, many settlers came to the New World in search of untapped resources and financial opportunities. Even today, New Englanders are known for their tough, no-nonsense attitudes. The Geography and Climate in the New England Colonies wasn't very good because the land was rocky and not good for farming, also the winters were very harsh. Here are 50 of the best facts about New England Colonies Religion and New England Colonies Geography I managed to collect. INTERESTING FACTS WORLD Incredible and fun facts to explore This was called "triangular trade.". In the New England Colonies, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Hampshire became states in 1788, and Rhode Island became a state in 1790. What were the New England Colonies? Despite seeming handicaps, this region prospered, becoming a commercial powerhouse among the North American colonies. Major industries in the New England Colonies included lumber, whaling, shipbuilding, fishing, livestock, textiles, and some agriculture. Of the 13 original colonies, New Hampshire was the first to declare its independence from England—a full six months before the Declaration of Independence was signed. The New England Colonies would go on to become the setting for many of the American Revolution's major events including the Battle of Lexington, the Battle of Concord, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and Paul Reveres Ride. Turning to other pursuits, the New Englanders harnessed water power and established grain mills and sawmills. The first settlers in New England found that farming beyond basic subsistence farming was nearly impossible in the rocky and cold environment. Although economic prosperity was still a goal of the New England settlers, their true goal was spiritual. Whatever your case, learn the truth of the matter why is New England Colonies so important! 13 Colonies Facts - Botony Facts: 13 Colonies Facts for Kids There were four New England colonies: Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. The New England Colonies got their names for a variety of reasons. They were able to package enough dried … There were originally seven colonies in New England in the 17 th century: Plymouth Colony, founded in 1620, absorbed by the Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1691 Province of Maine, founded in 1622, later absorbed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony New Hampshire Colony, founded in 1623, later became the Province of New Hampshire The nucleus of that settlement was drawn from an enclave of English émigrés in Leiden, Holland (now in The Netherlands). First, New England is considered a region instead of an actual state. In the New England colonies, land was given to a colony by the crown (the king or queen of England.) NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. The Massachusetts Bay colony was founded originally as the Plymouth colony in 1620 by pilgrims from the Mayflower, but it later became a royal colony with the help of puritan John Winthrop who helped found the Massachusetts Bay colony. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. A colony was a business. (Amounts) This was also supplemented by the fact that it had great access to the coast. Alice Morse Earle. In the New England Colonies trade, manufacturing, and fishing were common. The fact lists are intended for research in school, for college students or just to feed your brain with new realities. The New England colonies Although lacking a charter, the founders of Plymouth in Massachusetts were, like their counterparts in Virginia, dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Interesting New England Colonies Facts: The first attempt to colonize America was in 1587 by Sir Walter Raleigh on the island Roanoke. The fishermen were able to catch enough fish to sell to other colonies. Note that the 14th and 15th British North American Colonies are included: West Florida and East Florida. New England Colonies' Use of Slavery New England Colonies' Use of Slavery Although slavery ended earlier in the North than in the South (which would keep its slave culture alive and thriving through the Emancipation Proclamation and the Civil War), colonial New England played an undeniable role in the long and grim history of American slavery. Physical Characteristics of New England . The New England colonies of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island were founded as a part utopian experiment and part commercial venture. Start studying 10 facts about New England Colonies. The colonies were divided into 3 regions, namely, New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies. The New England Colonies, including the New Hampshire Colony, were dominated by the Puritans who refused to tolerate any religion outside their own. In England they made preparations for their trip to America to establish their new colony. After Lord Cornbury was sent back to England, the New Jersey Colony was ruled by New York's governor. The New Hampshire Colony was the first of the original 13 colonies to declare independence from England. Instead they moved to Rhode Island. The New York Colony was also referred to as a breadbasket colony because one of its major crops was wheat. The New England Colonies are also referred to as the North Colonies: Fact 1 - Geography: The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops; Fact 2 - Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Major religious groups in the Delaware Colony included Quakers, Catholics, Jews, and Lutherans. Rhode Island was named for a Dutch word meaning "red island." What was the economy of the new england colonies? Despite seeming handicaps, this region prospered, becoming a commercial powerhouse among the North American colonies. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? Another reason it was hard to grow crops was the winters were long and killed most of the crops. The social and political structure of the New England colonies was shaped primarily by the harsh geography and the strict Puritan religion of the first English colonists who settled there. ). Like the other colonies in the New England region, the cooler climate made it difficult for disease to thrive, unlike in the warmer Southern Colonies. 50. The New England Colonies are also referred to as the North Colonies: Fact 1 - Geography: The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops The Puritans who landed in Plymouth in 1620 later were called the Pilgrims. Facts and Information about the New England Colonies Facts about the New England Colonies of Colonial America. The Middle Colonies had a warmer climate than the New England Colonies and had land that made agriculture and farming much easier. What Was the Economy of the New England Colonies Like? They used it to manufacture items to export to England such as tools, kettles, nails, plows, and nails. the Duke of New york taxed the people heavily and that discouraged many people from moving to New York. The New England colonies were composed of the colonies of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Massachusetts. New England Colonies' Use of Slavery Although slavery ended earlier in the North than in the South (which would keep its slave culture alive and thriving through the Emancipation Proclamation and the Civil War), colonial New England played an undeniable role in the long and grim history of American slavery. These meetings still form the core of New England governance as of 2014. In fact, religion was so important to the Puritans that they expected all newcomers to follow the beliefs of the Puritans. Captain John Mason was given a land grant from the Council for New England in 1622 which helped him to found the New Hampshire Colony. New Hampshire was named for a county in England. The Connecticut Colony, like other New England Colonies, was an exporter of rum. The New England colonies had long snowy winters and short warm summers. The Quakers never helped the New Englanders during the Indian Wars. This took place six months prior to the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Colonial sawyers cut logs into boards that other woodworkers could use. These colonies shared many common characteristics that helped define the region. The other nine colonies were New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware (the Middle colonies) and Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia (the Southern colonies). New England Confederation was formed by Puritan colonies including Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Haven and Plymouth and it ended when Charles II revoked the charter of Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1684. The New Jersey Colony was one of the colonies referred to as a "breadbasket" colony because it grew so much wheat, which was ground into flour and exported to England. The New England Colonies were formed by various groups of people that settled in Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay, Providence, Plymouth, and New Hampshire. During the latter part of the 1800s, New England British colonies first made their desire for independence known. The rest of the nation also felt the influence of the New England colonial Christmas tradition. Fishing fleets sailed regularly from New England coastal cities for the major fishing grounds off the coast. There are many interesting facts about the New England Colonies. Please note that this site uses cookies to personalise content and adverts, to provide social media features, and to analyse web traffic. It would take more than 100 years for Christmas to develop the wholesome, twinkly veneer it has today. The following is a look at these key characteristics. The English and the Dutch were rivals at … Rhode Island Colony had long cold winters and mild summers. In my opinion, it is useful to put together a list of the most interesting details from trusted sources that I've come across answering what are the 4 new england colonies. The New England Colonies of British America included Connecticut Colony, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, and the Province of New Hampshire, as well as a few smaller short-lived colonies. In New England it became a popular practice for shippers to sell rum off of Africa's coast in exchange for slaves, then to sell the slaves to the West Indies in exchange for molasses to make rum. The New England colonies relied on fishing, farming, and shipbuilding. Other economic opportunities in New England were based around the sea: fishing, shipbuilding, and whaling. They also exported large chunks of iron to be manufactured into iron products elsewhere. There is a few good things about the Geography and Climate of the New England Colonies like the climate was healthier than that of the Southern Colonies and the settlements grew along the rivers and oceans. Votes: 1. Facts about the New England Colonies of Colonial America. The New England colonies were most pleasant to live in partially due to the nature it was gifted with. A colony was a business. The following is a look at these key characteristics. So let's get started! 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